写作技巧-标题作文

2008-01-30 09:40:41  第1英语作文网  www.zuowen1.com  
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    标题作文
    标题作文是一种常见的传统式命题作文,它除了给出明确的标题外,没有任何附加条件、要求和提示,考生可采取不同的角度对主题进行阐述。写标题作文时,由于考生写作的唯一依据就是给定的标题,所以认真审题,确切理解题意,把握主题范围,选择文章展开的方向,就显得尤为重要。写作时首先应对标题进行审视,以确定文章的体裁、中心思想、写作范围和论述或描述的角度。然后安排文章的段落层次,选择所需材料,并在此基础上提炼出段落主题句,借以表达作者的基本思想、观点。通过某种写作方法(如举例法、定义法、因果法等)进一步论述或描写主题句所包含的思想、观点,完成各个段落。最后将各段落连缀成篇,并对全文作认真细致的检查修改,使之进一步完善。现试举一例,以做分析说明:
    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic
    “Television”. Your composition should be based on your own understanding of the topic
    and it should be no less than 120 words long.
    给定的作文标题是Television,因此,写电视的发展史,写电视的工作原理,写电视的节目安排,或者写电视在日常生活中的作用,这些内容都切题。假设我们确定写电视在日常生活中的作用,那么我们就应围绕这个主题构思、选材。由于CET-4写作在篇幅上的限制,可以把文章的内容限定在以下范围。
    1.电视的一般作用;
    2.电视的教育作用;
    3.电视有害的一面。
    经构思和材料,提炼出段落主题句:
    1.Television presents a vivid world in front of us.
    2.Television can also play an educational role in our daily life.
    3.However, television can also be harmful.
    对给定的标题和提炼出的主题句进行分析,决定文章的表达方式和材料的取舍。从总体来看,这篇文章属于说明文,宜作例证来扩展主题句,形成段落,也就是用例子把主题句具体化。第一段可列举电视播放的世界范围的有趣节目,如新闻报道,文体比赛等。第二段只写电视作为一种大众媒介所起的政治宣传作用是不够的,可较多地强调专业性很强的教学节目。第三段与前面两段是转折关系,前面两段写了电视的利,该段应着重点明电视的弊,列举电视的主要弊端。结尾最好能对全文作一个小结。
    参考范文:
    Television
    Television presents a vivid world in front of us. On television, we can watch exciting football matches or Olympic marathons. We can “travel” to New York to pay tribute to the Statue of Liberty or to London to attend the royal wedding. We can also “go” to a concert with a cup of coffee at hand. With a TV set, we can learn many things happening in the world without going outside our houses.
    Television can also play an educational role in our daily life. Besides regular courses for TV university students, television also offers various educational programs for different viewers. Children like “Tangram”; young people like “the ABC of Computers”; and elderly people like “Life and Health”. Of all the educational programs, “English on Sunday” is my favorite.
    However, television can also be harmful. It hurts our eyes and can cause nearsightedness. Watching too much TV influences our sleep and work and cuts down children’s study time. Furthermore, some TV programs are not ideologically sound, so we should watch them selectively. In short, we should regard television as our slave, not our master.

    练习题 1:Health, Wealth and Happiness
    练习题 2:Information Society
    练习题 3:Money and Morality

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